Infertility is defined as a couple not conceiving after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
It affects about 15% of Australian couples of reproductive age, and is caused by a range of genetic, medical, and surgical or trauma related issues.
Infertility affects men and women
Infertility is caused by both male and female factors. In our experience, about 30% of cases are male related, 35% are female related and 35% are deemed unexplained infertility. In many cases both couples are contributing to their infertility.
Age is a key factor
A woman’s age is the single most important factor affecting a couple’s chances of conceiving. That’s why we strongly recommend you seek help if you are over 35 and have been trying for a baby for 6 months or more.
We also encourage all couples over the age of 30 to be proactive and see a specialist quickly if they are experiencing difficulties falling pregnant. It’s important to remember that thanks to advances in reproductive technology, IVF treatment and other forms of assisted conception now offer a much higher chance of success.
Investigating causes of infertility
When you see a Queensland Fertility Group specialist, investigations into possible causes of infertility begin straight away. Your specialists will check four key areas:
- Sperm quality
- Egg and sperm union
Tests include hormone profiles, semen analysis, and chromosome, DNA and genetic screening.
Some of the possible causes of infertility in women include:
- Ovulation disorders such as Amenorrhoea, Oligomenorrhoea, Anovulation with ‘normal’ cycles, Luteal phase deficiency, and Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOS)
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
Some of the possible causes of infertility that we will look for in men include:
- Azoospermia (no sperm cells are produced)
- Oligospermia (few sperm cells are produced)
- Malformed sperm cells or sperm which show poor motility
- Genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis or a chromosomal abnormality
You are welcome to attend one of our free fertility seminars – register now...